p Project Tiger & Tiger Reserves in India
Bandhavgarh National Park : Project Tiger Reserves

Project Tiger Reserves in India

Project Tiger in India

project tiger reserves in India Project tiger is the tiger conservation program, launched in year 1973, started by Government of India to revive tiger population in their natural habitat, by taking various measures. In year 1901, total tiger population of Tigers in India was around 40000 and till year 1972, it was drastically decreased to below 2000, which was an alarming situation for Government of India. Showing their deep concern for their decreasing population and to protect them from extinction a dedicated conservation program was planned and thus Project Tiger came into existence. It is managed by National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA). Project was launched in year 1973 with 9 prominent tiger reserves which includes Kanha National Park, Ranthambore, Corbett National Park, Manas National Park, Palamau National Park, Similipal National Park, Bandipur national park, Melghat and Sundarbans National Park. At present this count has been increased to 50 Tiger Reserves, spread over 18 states of India.

Initiatives

Since the beginning of Project Tiger, many milestone steps were taken as per situation and study reports. Here we have listed some of the prominent steps:
  • Core-Buffer Strategy: It is the most important step taken under this project. Here tiger reserve was divided into Core zone and Buffer zone. In simple language, we can say that core-zone is central dense forest area, free from all disturbance & commercial activity where buffer-zone is that mixed land which is surrounding to core-zone and provides cushioning effect to core zone. Rules are more strict for core-zone like no hotel, no human disturbance, no cattle grazing, no biotic disturbance etc. Buffer zone includes both forest and non-forest land with mixed land use. Here human presence can be experienced as its inner boundary touches core-zone and outer boundary touches outer world.
  • Constitution of National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) with amendment in Wildlife Protection Act 1972, in year 2006.
  • Constitution of Tiger and other Endangered Species Crime Control Bureau.
  • Enhanced the punishment against offence related to core-area of a tiger reserve.
  • New comprehensive guidelines were issued on 15/Oct/2012, for Project Tiger and Tourism activity in Tiger reserve area. Rules were made more strict with imposition of more restrictions on tourism activity like limit the number of tourists at each safari round, limit the safari area accessible to tourists etc.
  • Strengthening of anti-poaching activity with adoption of new strategy for different seasons.
  • Approval for creation of new tiger reserves in different states.
  • New guidelines were issued to State Governments for effective tiger conservation, increase in financial support to states, pro-active approach towards village relocation and their rehabilitation etc.
  • Adoption of new scientific measures for tiger census, checking movement of tigers through radio-collars, better gadgets for patrolling party.
  • Study the prey-base for predators and efforts to develop their prey-base in forest area so that chances of animal-human conflicts could be averted.
  • Opening of regional offices of NTCA in Nagpur, Bengaluru and Guwahati, headed by Inspector General of Forests.

List of Tiger Reserves in India

Here is the list of all project tiger reserves, spread over different states of India. Given list is as per current status and with the passage of time, we may find addition of some new names as NTCA is consistently working to meet its objectives which will result into increase in Tiger population and their natural habitats.
S. No.

Tiger Reserves Name

State

Year of Declaration

Density Status

Location in India

1

Kanha

Madhya Pradesh

1973-74

Good

Central

2

Bandhavgarh

Madhya Pradesh

1993-94

Good

Central

3

Pench

Madhya Pradesh

1992-93

Good

Central

4

Panna

Madhya Pradesh

1994-95

Satisfactory

Central

5

Satpura, Bori, Pachmarhi

Madhya Pradesh

1999-2000

Satisfactory

Central

6

Sanjay Dubri

Madhya Pradesh

2008

Average

Central

7

Ranthambhore

Rajasthan

1973-74

Good

North

8

Sariska

Rajasthan

1978-79

Average

North

9

Mukandra Hills

Rajasthan

2013

Poor

North

10

Palamau

Jharkhand

1973-74

Poor

Central-East

11

Valmiki

Bihar

1989-90

Poor

Central-East

12

Indravati

Chattisgarh

1982-83

Poor

Central

13

Udanti & Sitanadi

Chattisgarh

2008

Poor

Central

14

Achanamkar

Chattisgarh

2008

Poor

Central

15

Tadoba-Andhari

Maharashtra

1993-94

Good

West

16

Pench

Maharashtra

1998-99

Good

West

17

Melghat

Maharashtra

1973-74

Poor

West

18

Bor

Maharashtra

2014

Satisfactory

West

19

Nawegaon-Nagzira

Maharashtra

2013

Satisfactory

West

20

Sahyadri

Maharashtra

2012

Poor

West

21

Corbett

Uttarakhand

1973-74

Good

North-East

22

Rajaji Tiger Reserve

Uttarakhand

2015

Satisfactory

North

23

Dudhwa

Uttar Pradesh

1987-88

Satisfactory

North-East

24

Amangarh

Uttar Pradesh

2012

Satisfactory

North

25

Pilibhit Tiger Reserve

Uttar Pradesh

2014

Satisfactory

North

26

Kaziranga Tiger Reserve

Assam

2006

Good

East

27

Manas Tiger Reserve

Assam

1973-74

Poor

East

28

Nameri Tiger Reserve

Assam

1999-2000

Satisfactory

East

29

Orang Tiger Reserve

Assam

2016

Satisfactory

North-East

30

Namdapha Tiger Reserve

Arunachal Pradesh

1982-83

Poor

East

31

Pakke Tiger Reserve

Arunachal Pradesh

1999-2000

Good

East

32

Kamlang Tiger Reserve

Arunachal Pradesh

2016

Satisfactory

North-East

33

Dampha

Mizoram

1994-95

Poor

East

34

Sunderban

West Bengal

1973-74

Good

East

35

Buxa

West Bengal

1982-83

Poor

East

36

Similipal

Odisha

1973-74

Poor

South

37

Satkosia

Orissa

2007

Poor

South

38

Bandipur

Karnataka

1973-74

Good

South

39

Bhadra

Karnataka

1998-99

Satisfactory

South

40

Nagarhole

Karnataka

1999-2000

Good

South

41

Dandeli-Anashi

Karnataka

2007

Satisfactory

South

42

Biligiri Ranganatha Temple

Karnataka

Poor

South

43

Nagarjunsagar Srisailam

Andhra Pradesh

1982-83

Satisfactory

South

44

Kawal

Telangana

2012

Poor

South

45

Kalakad-Mundanthurai

Tamil Nadu

1988-89

Satisfactory

South

46

Mudumalai

Tamil Nadu

2008

Satisfactory

South

47

Annamalai

Tamil Nadu

2008

Good

South

48

Sathyamangalam

Tamil Nadu

2013

Satisfactory

South

49

Periyar

Kerala

1978-79

Good

South

50

Parambikulam

Kerala

2009

Poor

South

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